WKCF, virtual channel 18 (UHF digital channel 17), is a CW-affiliated television station serving Orlando, Florida, United States that is licensed to Clermont. The station is owned by the Hearst Television subsidiary of Hearst Communications, as part of a duopoly with Daytona Beach-licensed NBC affiliate WESH (channel 2). The two stations share studios on North Wymore Road (along I-4) in Eatonville (with a Winter Park address); WKCF's transmitter is located in unincorporated Bithlo.
On cable, the station is available in standard definition on channel 8 on Charter Spectrum, channel 13 on Comcast Xfinity, and channel 14 on CenturyLink Prism and in outlying areas, and in high definition on Spectrum channel 1080, Xfinity channel 435, and Prism channel 1014.
History[edit | edit source]
In January 1988 to finish building the new station, Press sold WMOD to Blackstar Broadcasting (an HSN sister company). That February, the station began to run HSN programming full-time (except for a few hours of religious and public affairs shows on Sunday mornings) and its call letters were changed to WBSF. Its barter cartoons and other barter shows moved to WAYK (channel 56, now Ion Television owned-and-operated station WOPX-TV). Finally, UHF channel 68 went on the air as WKCF in December 1988. It first aired an analog signal from studios located at a strip mall on Adanson Street in Orlando. The channel's early programming lineup consisted mostly of shows that had previously been seen on WMOD until January. The shows were originally a blend of cartoons, classic sitcoms, recent sitcoms, older movies, and drama series. The station provided a city-grade signal to Orlando and a Grade B signal to Daytona Beach and Melbourne. WKCF was branded on-air as "TV 68".
The station eventually moved from the strip mall to new facilities located on Courtland Street in Orlando. Press Broadcasting wanted to move WKCF's transmitter to the Christmas/Bithlo tower farm in order to improve its signal in the other two major cities in the market, Daytona Beach and Melbourne. However, the company soon discovered that as long as WKCF transmitted on channel 68, it could not move its transmitter to Bithlo and still reach Clermont with a city-grade signal. In 1991, Press Broadcasting approached Brevard Community College about swapping channels with its educational station, WRES. Under this plan, both stations would move their transmitters to Bithlo. At the time, WRES was a relatively low-powered station serving the immediate Brevard County area on UHF channel 18. However, if that station moved to Bithlo, it would be able to boost its power to the maximum five million watts. The college agreed and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved the swap. As a result, in 1992, WKCF moved to channel 18 which was reclassified as a commercial license and WRES moved to channel 68 as well as adopting the call sign WBCC (it is now WEFS). After the switch, WKCF re-branded itself as "TV 18."
Soon after moving to channel 18, WKCF started producing a kids club program called The Buckaroo Club, hosted by Ranger Bob (aka Tim Kincaid), a talented character actor, whose popularity as Ranger Bob, made him a local legend in Rochester, New York where he hosted the first version of the kid's program, The Circle B Club, produced by Jan Shaw. The Buckaroo Club was very popular and garnered high ratings, pulling a 35 share, surpassing shows like Oprah in the same time slot. It seemed most people in Central Florida knew who Ranger Bob was; due to many live appearances throughout Central Florida. The Buckaroo Club was as popular with college aged and young adults as it was with kids and families. The show was on the air from 1992 to 1994; a reunion program aired on WKCF in 2004. Tim Kincaid also created a popular late night monster movie series called Friday Night with the Grave Master, the tongue-in-cheek series features classic monster movies hosted by the Grave Master. This tremendously funny series was hugely popular with college aged fans across Central Florida. Jim King was the Production Designer of the series, and helped create the show's content. Jim King was also the designer of the prized Friday Night with the Grave Master T-shirt which could only be won by viewers of the series. Another move that put increased the station's profile in the market was a partnership with the Orlando Magic to broadcast many of the NBA team's road games; it gradually added some home games as well, this was right around the time Shaquille O'Neal put the Magic on the map. In 1994, the station was rebranded as "18 WKCF". The station joined The WB on January 11, 1995 as a charter affiliate. A year after it affiliated with the network, the station rebranded itself as "WB 18". For most of The WB's eleven-year run, WKCF was consistently the network's top affiliate. At one point, it was even the fourth-highest rated station in Central Florida.
In 1998, the studios of WKCF were moved to Lake Mary into a building that Press Broadcasting had built on an empty lot right next to the main competition, WOFL (channel 35). The station was sold to Emmis Communications in 1998 for $200 million. As the station focused more on its network commitments, it chose not to renew its contract with the Orlando Magic in 1999; the games then went to WRBW (channel 65). From 2001 to 2005, the WKCF studios in Lake Mary served as a centralcasting hub for Emmis' television stations. Using Florical Automation, the company was responsible for master control operations for several Emmis owned Fox and WB affiliates in the Southeastern United States including WVUE in New Orleans, Louisiana, WALA-TV and WBPG (now WFNA) in Mobile, Alabama, and WFTX in Fort Myers. From WKCF's facilities, Emmis maintained broadcast capabilities during several major hurricane impacts on several of its stations including Katrina (affecting WVUE), Ivan (affecting WALA), and Charley (affecting WFTX and WKCF). The Emmis model was later discontinued as the company sold off the stations.
On January 24, 2006, CBS Corporation and the Warner Bros. unit of Time Warner announced that UPN and The WB would cease broadcasting, to be replaced by a new network that would feature some of the higher-rated programs from both networks called The CW Television Network. On March 1, Emmis officials confirmed that WKCF would become the Orlando affiliate of The CW. The station had been the obvious choice as the market's CW affiliate in any case, as network officials were on record as preferring the "strongest" stations among The WB and UPN's affiliates, and WKCF had been The WB's strongest affiliate for virtually all of the network's run. On May 8, Emmis announced the sale of WKCF to what was then known as Hearst-Argyle Television for $217.5 million. The sale was finalized on August 31. This created the third duopoly in the Orlando market joining the Cox-owned duopoly of WFTV and WRDQ, and the Fox Television Stations-owned duopoly of WOFL and WRBW. As part of the move, WKCF moved its operations to the WESH facilities in Winter Park. It may now take on the responsibility of airing NBC programs when WESH is not able to so such as in the event of extended breaking news or severe weather coverage.
Until October 2008, WKCF was the only Hearst-owned station whose website was not powered by Internet Broadcasting. That changed when Hearst and Internet Broadcasting created a separate page for the station within WESH's web address. On January 22, 2009, a tube in WKCF's analog transmitter failed forcing the station to transmit its analog signal at a reduced three megawatts power (which was sixty percent of its authorized five megawatt ERP) under special temporary authority from the FCC. The station had applied to cease analog transmissions on the original February 17, 2009 date of the digital transition, but its application was rejected by the FCC.
On July 9, 2012, Hearst Television entered into a dispute with Time Warner Cable and Bright House Networks, leading to WKCF being pulled from Bright House and being temporarily replaced with the TV Guide Network; WKCF's subchannels were also similarly pulled and replaced with alternate programming. The substitution of TV Guide Network in place of WKCF lasted until July 19, 2012, when a new carriage deal was reached between Hearst and Time Warner.
|TV stations in Florida|
|TV stations in Florida|
|Miami – Fort Lauderdale||Tampa – St. Petersburg||Orlando – Daytona Beach – Melbourne||West Palm Beach – Fort Pierce||Fort Myers – Naples||Jacksonville|
|WGEN/WVFW-LD, Key West/Miami||WXAX-CD, Clearwater||WKCF-DT3, Clermont||WWHB-CA, Stuart||WUVF-LP/WLZE-LP, Naples/Fort Myers||WUJX-LD, Jacksonville|
|WSBS, Key West||WMOR-DT3, Lakeland||W21AU-D, Orlando||WBWP-LD, West Palm Beach||WANA-LD, Naples|
|WLTV, Miami||WSPF-CD, St. Petersburg||WOTF, Daytona Beach||WWDT-CD, Naples|
|WBEH-CD, Miami||WRMD-CD, Tampa||WTMO-CD, Orlando||WXCW-DT2, Naples|
|WJAN-CD, Miami||WVEA, Tampa||WVEN, Melbourne|
|WFUN-LD, Miami||WFTT, Venice|
|WSCV, Fort Lauderdale|
|TV stations in East Central Florida and the Space Coast, including Orlando, Daytona Beach and Melbourne|
|WESH 2 (NBC) |
WKMG 6 (CBS)
WFTV 9 (ABC)
WDSC 15 (ETV)
WKCF 18 (CW)
W21AU-D 21 (ATeVe)
WUCF 24 (PBS)
WOTF 26 (UMas)
WRDQ 27 (Ind)
WFEF-LD 28 (Comet)
WRCF-CD 29 (Escape)
WTMO-CD 31 (TLM)
W32DJ-D 32 (3ABN)
WOFL 35 (Fox)
WZXZ-CD 36 (SSN)
WHDO-CD 38 (Biz)
WVEN 43 (UNI)
WTGL 45 (Rel)
WATV-LD 47 (AZA)
WDTO-LD 50 (Daystar)
WHLV 52 (TBN)
WACX 55 (Rel)
WOPX 56 (Ion)
WRBW 65 (MNTV)
WEFS 68 (ETV)